Infertility refers to an inability to conceive after having regular unprotected sex. Infertility is also known as the biological inability of an individual to contribute to conception, or to a female who cannot carry a pregnancy to full term. In most of the countries infertility refers to a couple that has failed to conceive after 12 months of regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception medicines.
The cause of infertility may be difficult to determine but may include inadequate levels of certain hormones in both men and women, and trouble with ovulation in women. The important symptom is an inability to get pregnant. In many cases, there are no additional symptoms. Many treatments significantly improve the chances of getting pregnant. They include hormone treatments, fertility drugs and surgery.
Various Risk Factors Of Infertility are:
- Alcohol consumption
- Being obese or overweight
- Eating disorders
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Not exercising
- Mental stress